It is obvious that any city with homes, schools, hospitals and restaurants needs a septic wastewater treatment technology. About 25% of the U.S. population uses septic systems, and at least 10% fail annually; up to 70% fail in some regions. In fact, that wouldn’t happen if the single most important step was made – regular maintenance for ensuring that a system continues working over time.
If correctly set up and preserved, septic systems are efficient in dealing with domestic wastewater from restrooms, kitchen drains and washing machines. However when these systems are neglected and improperly maintained, the wastewater may not be adequately treated. This can put neighborhood members’ health at danger by polluting neighboring drinking water wells or lakes, streams, and rivers. To repair or replace the broken septic system is very expensive and can cost as much as $7,000 or more – much more than the few hundred it would cost every three-five years to have the system examined and pumped out.
Frequently, the system owners may not understand that they are accountable for maintenance, or that doing so can save thousands dollars over the long-term and help protect the financial climate in their house. They may be unaware of where to go and ask for help or at least useful information. Failure to preserve their system can let sewage enter the rivers, ponds, or lakes and even kill fish and these are the issues of concern for the city.
How a Septic System Works
In a conventional septic system, wastewater flows from a household or other establishments through a pipe to a watertight container that’s buried underground in the yard, usually a concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene tank. As the wastewater sits in the tank, the solids in the water settle to the bottom (forming sludge), and lighter materials, such as oil and grease, float to the top (forming a scum layer). The remaining liquid wastewater flows out of the tank through a pipe and into a drain field. This liquid is referred to as septic tank effluent. The typical drain field is a shallow, excavated area, also in the yard, usually consisting of trenches with perforated pipes, and gravel or other porous materials that are covered by a layer of soil. The effluent flows into the perforated pipes and spreads throughout the drain field, then percolates down into the soil where microorganisms remove contaminants and impurities. Septic maintenance involves periodically removing (pumping out) the contents of the tank and inspecting the drain field, and should be done by a licensed septic system professional. If too many solids build up in the tank, the incoming wastewater does not have time to settle, and the solids can escape into the drainfield and clog the soil pores, inhibiting the soil’s ability to treat the effluent.
Nowadays, septic tanks are widely used by many people and can be a great solution when choosing an efficient water treatment system.
These are just some of the advantages of the septic system.
- The maintenance of the septic system really saves your money.
- You need a small area compared to other water treatment systems.
- Water quality is under your control.
- People who use it do not need to be extremely trained because their system is simple and easy to run.
- It is an excellent option for rural communities, buildings, parks and motels.
So to anyone who needs certain septic services, take care of your health and money and invest in your future by setting a septic tank.