24 May 2017

Every septic tank (except the cesspool) has two distinct components: Septic Tank to catch solids and  Leach Field to dispose of liquid. Cesspools permit direct discharge of sewer (solids and liquid) into a pit, pond or perforated tank where effluent evaporates and leaches down right into surrounding soil while solids remain behind. Septic tanks use one of seven treatment area designs to deal with effluent:

Leach Pits are huge gravel filled holes, preferably with a perforated tank in a center for discharging effluent. Drywells are a passive (no pump) option for small/odd lots where a long leach field percolation field is not possible or wanted. Leach pits benefit from surface around sides of the hole to dispose of huge quantities of water in the right soil types. Adding a drywell to a leach pit offers it additional ability to accept large surges at once. Always enable at least 8 or 10 feet of undisturbed soil space between pits to ensure maximum percolation and effluent treatment.
Leach Fields are trenches (or rectangular beds) dug in yard and loaded with a foot of 3/4″ – 1-1/2″ crushed rock and a 4 inch diameter perforated pipe. The pipe-in-gravel leach line is covered with geotextile fabric (landscape weed barrier) and afterwards backfilled with a foot or 2 of native soil atop. Gravity sends out effluent to leach field with at least a 1/8 inch per foot drop then is spread into soil evenly with all the leach field perforated pipe being at the same level.
Chamber Systems are arched panels in the trench, which really advance leach field design. Effluent flows into this big open area beneath the lawn; the whole bottom of a chamber is open. With no gravel inside, chambers have enough air to help keep the leach field soil aerobic and healthy.
Pressurized Mound Systems use an electric pump to force effluent right into elevated mound ‘constructed soil’ systems and distant trenches, beds or chambers. Even distribution of effluent is key to smaller sized leach fields as well as better treatment of the waste water. Poor soil percolation sites typically need distribution constructed sand mounds with two inch diameter pipe drilled with 1/4 inch holes every two feet, or so.
Evapotranspiration/ Drip Beds are pressurized systems with smaller sized holes or nozzles (drip) for  more uniform distribution of waste water, however are prone to plugging from calcification of the nozzles. In locations that do not obtain snow cover in the winter season, long shallow trenches could be gone through yard, sending waste water right into the root zone near surface area. The plants transpire water through growth and also some water vaporizes being so near to surface, with a smaller portion of effluent percolating down into water table.
Lagoons, Cesspits and Cesspools are artificial ponds where the effluent percolates and evaporates, typically assisted by a fountain or bubbler. Generally reserved for high clay soil areas where percolation is tough, shallows can be lined to prevent percolation in a fragile location – evaporation being the only ways of disposal. 6 foot  fencing as well as a locked gate are common practice with any kind of lagoon or cesspool due to the legal responsibility from security issues.
Constructed Water Treatment Wetlands are shallow lagoons and generally developed in warm climates considering that plant life is essential. Active plant growth year-round is preferred for the built wetland plants in order to help dissipate the nitrogen as well as really treat the effluent. Created wetlands reveal one of the most guarantee for a carefree low-maintenance therapy area, yet you do generally have to stay in a non-freezing climate. They are a superb selection for greywater disposal, taking a major load off the septic tank and leach field system (blackwater only – toilets and dishwasher).

08 May 2017
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Surprisingly or not,  what you exactly flush down your drain has an influence on both your septic system and the ecology, so it is very important to comprehend how your septic system works and also how to reduce damages done to your own residential or commercial property as well as the environment.

You could achieve these objectives by never putting the following products down your drain. To find out other useful tips on septic system click here.

Grease is a major factor to drain clogs, which includes mayo, salad dressing, butter, cooking oils and fats from cooking meats, such as bacon, beef as well as pork.  Electric motor oil and also transmission fluid should not drop your sink drain or bathroom either.

Egg shells are composed of a difficult external shell and also a slim membranous internal layer. The shells are tough on the blades of your waste disposal, decreasing the general life of the home appliance. The shells can also compound the development of other clogs.
Coffee grounds do not damage your garbage disposal and also may aid absorb smells, yet they do gather in your pipes and boost the threat you’ll experience a clogged drain. Coffee grounds do make an excellent addition to your compost pile.

Foods like pasta and rice continue to expand as they absorb residual water in your garbage disposal and also drain pipes. Have you combined flour and water together? Most products made with flour end up being sticky and capturing any other little bits of garbage along the way.

Produce stickers that you may often see on bananas, apples and other fruit and vegetables are made of plastic and glue. You would not think about using your sink to deal with your grocery store list, however those produce stickers often fall off when you’re washing fruits and vegetables. They are not water-soluble.
Paper products do not break apart after being flushed down the toilet or after going through the garbage disposal in your sink. The only exception is toilet paper which was specially produced for it.  Products like paper towels, hygiene products and cotton balls should be thrown away, but not flushed. Each of these items have a high absorbency rate, making them best for clogging your septic tank.

Be also very careful with so-called flushable and  biodegradable products. They don’t break apart properly and often combine with other products to produce a large super-knot. For example, flushable pet cat litter continues to be highly absorbent in the drainpipe and can cause serious problems.

Drugs might appear logical to be flushed down the drain, but researches showed that a high number of those drugs cannot be removed completely. That’s why your tap water likely has a percentage of drug you’re consuming every day. Neither wastewater therapy nor clean water treatment before it obtains delivered to your house is able to get rid of medications.

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